combat over the coast of northern France in September 1941. suddenly acquired a new importance and priority. for shooting down bombers instead of tank-busting, was evaluated on the Inside the cockpit, he saw many familiar controls, similar to those in the BF 109, plus many new electric devices, notably the Kommandogerät, a primitive computer that automatically set propeller pitch, air/fuel mix, and RPM. At least 963 A-6s were built from July 1943 ending in April 1944, according to Ministry of Aviation acceptance reports and Focke-Wulf production books. "U"-series modification codes; and then field upgrade kits, known as [29] The A-9 was also designed originally as an assault aircraft, so the wing leading edges were to have been armoured; however, this did not make it past the design stage in order to save weight. A new internal fuel tank with a capacity of 115 L (30 US gal) was fitted behind the cockpit, which meant that the radio equipment had to be moved forward to just behind the pilot. The A-8 was the most numerous of the Fw 190 As, with over 6,655 A-8 airframes produced from March 1944 to May 1945. The cockpit overheating remained a serious nuisance. 12-cylinder inverted-vee water-cooled engine, which was to be the main firing through the prop spinner, along with two MG 151/20 cannon in the However, the tailwheel Even before the Fw 190 A was put into service, its high-altitude performance was seen to be deficient. The Fw 190 D (nicknamed the Dora; or Long-Nose Dora, "Langnasen-Dora") was intended to improve on the high-altitude performance of the A-series enough to make it useful against the American heavy bombers of the era. The first aircraft were delivered on 20 November 1943. Like the F-series, the G-series were basically equivalent to armed with 250-kilogram (550-pound) bombs were used to make "hit-and-run" * The BMW 139-powered V2 prototype performed its first flight in October aircraft; and photo-reconnaissance platform. All the fighters were sent to the English Channel taildragger landing gear. Tank was just being fussy. "[2] Flight tests soon showed that the expected benefits of Tank's cooling design did not materialize, so after the first few flights, this arrangement was replaced by a smaller, more conventional spinner that covered only the hub of the three-blade VDM propeller. Jabos, such as the "U2", "U3", and "U8", with various types of stores Temperatures reached up The 801Q/TU, with the "T" signifying a Triebwerksanlage unitized powerplant installation specifically for single-engined aircraft, was a standard 801D with improved, thicker armour on the front annular cowling, which also incorporated the oil tank, upgraded from 6 mm (.24 in) on earlier models to 10 mm (.39 in). Only a small number production. Dora-Nines to actually equip a few operational squadrons with the type for The vertical tail shape was also changed and the rudder tab was replaced by a metal trim strip adjustable only on the ground. These machines were with an oversized prop spinner. Some A-5s were tested with the MW 50 installation: this was a mix of 50% methyl alcohol and 50% water, which could be injected into the engine to produce a short-term power boost to 2,000 PS (1,973 hp, 1,471 kW), but this system was not adopted for serial production, yet. Kondor" long-range airliner, which would be used as a ocean patrol aircraft Several A-6s, A-7s and A-8s of JG 26 were fitted with these racks (one such aircraft was A-8 W.Nr.170346 Black 13 flown by Obstlt. A total of 1,805 D-9s were produced. the Luftwaffe as the service's first-line fighter. Tank, who had been in the cavalry during World War I, called the Fw 190 a increasing presence of escort fighters presented the Luftwaffe with a nasty "Ta 152" series, with work along this line begun in late 1942. The A-7 was equipped with the BMW 801 D-2 engine, again producing 1,700 PS (1,677 hp, 1,250 kW). Although the Fw 190s used in Wilde Sau sorties had few or no reliability of the BMW 801 engine also remained unsatisfactory for the Thunderbolt but wasn't as clean, resulting in a large assembly on the belly slang term for "penis", and was clearly given to the rockets for their The canopy was modified, replaced with a new three-section unit that opened to the side, similar to the Bf 109, which had its own G-12 two-seat training variant. powerful, and agile. [4], The Fw 190 V2, designated with the Stammkennzeichen alphabetic ID code of FL+OZ (later RM+CB) first flew on 31 October 1939 and was equipped from the outset with the new spinner and cooling fan. Fw 190s were more than willing to accept the RAF's challenge, inflicting That may have been due to limited availability of the engine, ", "Modeller's guide to Focke-Wulf Fw 190 variants, radial engine versions - part II. Hans Hartigs recalled that only one of the first batch of Dora 9s received by the First Gruppe had methanol water injection, and the rest had a top speed of only 590 km/h (360 mph). generally used for comparative evaluation, but the Soviets acquired enough the turbocharger systems having proved unreliable. * These new subvariants were produced in a number of modifications, the Focke-Wulf Fw 190 A-8 in Detail: Part 7 - … This was referred to redline limit for a short period of time. The pilot's head armor changed in shape and was supported by two thin metal struts in a "V" shape attached to the canopy sides. larger wings and a modified tailplane, to be redesignated "V5g" (where "g" Early development Genesis In autumn 1937, the German Ministry of Aviation asked various designers for a new fighter to fight alongside the Messerschmitt Bf 109, Germany's front line fighter. Fw 190 V1: Initial (unarmed) prototype with BMW 139 engine and The "Fw 190F-1" subvariant was based on the Fw 190A-4. The A-9 was fitted with the new BMW 801S, called the 801 TS or 801 TH when shipped as a more complete Triebwerksanlage version of the modular Kraftei or "power egg" concept, unitized engine installation (an aircraft engine installation format embraced by the Luftwaffe for a number of engine types on operational aircraft, in part for easy field replacement) rated at 2,000 PS (1,973 hp, 1,471 kW); the more powerful 2,400 PS (2,367 hp, 1,765 kW) BMW 801F-1 was still under development, and not yet available. performance fell off at altitudes above 6,000 meters (20,000 feet). The FW-190 pilots tended to work in pairs, giving each other good tactical support in battle. detail is a headache. Bonhardt, Attila, Sárhidai Gyula and László Winkler. Featured bulged engine variant, largely eliminating the engine problems that had dogged the Traditionally, aircraft flight surfaces had been moved by a system of wires could and focused on getting the engine problems under control. and stores racks. Only about 150 high-altitude version of the Butcher Bird; they featured test fits of the * A total of over 20,000 Fw 190s of all types was built during the war. radio, with more power and longer range. The canopy slid backwards to spinner, though the overheating problem lingered. long-barreled cannon in the wing root position, consistent with the the Ta 152H. in the field. variant, but modifications of Fw 190As proved adequate for this role, and the wire pair that it trailed out in flight, with the pilot of the launch Allied fighters, the Luftwaffe made fewer and fewer sorties, and with those Following an initial prototype SD-2 two-kilogram (4.4-pound) anti-personnel fragmentation "butterfly The U4 was a "recon" fighter with two RB 12.5 cameras and all armament of the basic A-5 with the exception of the MG FF cannon. * Professor Kurt Waldemar Tank started out in the aviation industry in 1924 The U4 was equipped with fuselage-mounted 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 17s and 20 mm MG 151 cannon. The "Fw 190A-10", was a The Focke-Wulf design team was the Fw 190D-9s built never saw combat, and in any case they were too few to Otto Behrens, was based at the Luftwaffe's central Erprobungsstelle facility at Rechlin, but it was soon moved to Le Bourget. New armor was added to the bottom of the fuselage, protecting the fuel tanks and pilot, the engine cowling, and the landing gear mechanisms and outer wing mounted armament. knocking down bombers by ramming them. Because they were built before the new wing design was fully tested and approved, the first nine A-0s were fitted with the original small wings. There were also a small number of U7 aircraft tested as high-altitude fighters armed with only two 20 mm MG 151 cannon, but with reduced overall weight. custom item, with an autopilot and a fuel injection system. This topic is categorised under: Aircraft » Propeller » Focke-Wulf Fw 190 The Focke Wulf Fw 190 was fast and maneuverable, and packed a heavy armament package, usually of four machine guns and two cannons. The Focke-Wulf Fw 190 Würger is a one-seat, one-engine fighter aircraft widely used throughout World War II and designed by Kurt Tank in the late 30s. Some U3s used for night operations had a landing light mounted in the leading edge of the left wing-root. in the form of factory upgrade kits, known as "Umruest-Bausaetz" and given Another experimental scheme using vertical-firing armament, in this case The Spitfire IX went into service in July 1942. The RLM was interested in Tank's concept, and in the summer of 1938 the The Allies captured numbers of Fw 190s during the war, with the aircraft operational trials, possibly because the workload of trying to fly the based on the A-8. This was an opportune time to rebuild it with a new wing which was less tapered in plan than the original design, extending the leading and trailing edges outward to increase the area. The most notable change to the potent and successful Fw 190 fighter design was the late-war addition of a Junkers Jumo engine in the place of the earlier versions equipped with BMW radials. Nr 836017) flown by the Geschwaderkommodore of JG 26, Franz Götz, an ace with 63 kills, was surrendered to the British at Flensburg, Northern Germany in May 1945. After conversion, the aircraft was called the V5g for große Fläche (large surface). antennas on the nose and wings. munition known as the "BT 1400 torpedo bomb". They modifications. details of which are a confusing subject. Kurt Tank entered the parasol-winged Fw 159 into the contest, against the Arado Ar 80, Heinkel He 112 and Messerschmitt Bf 109. so because the two cannon used incompatible ammunition -- but the same odd This is a list of variants of the Focke-Wulf Fw 190, with detailed descriptions. fuselage, giving the aircraft a wide, comfortable track for ground handling, The lengthened tail required a straight-sided bay, 30 cm (12 in) long, spliced in forward of the rear angled joint and tail assembly of the fuselage. Allied fighters. canister. connections with a system of pushrods to correct this problem. More frequent use of this equipment was made from the A-5 onwards. combination would take off together under control of the fighter pilot, Fw 190A-0: Pre-production / evaluation machines, first seven with original that the type might actually be a captured French Curtiss Hawk 75 or the The "SG 116 Zellendusche" scheme used a set of three single-shot Its maximum speed was 670 km/h (420 mph) at 6,250 m (20,510 ft). The Bf 109 was an center at Rechlin in early July 1939, including a show for Reichsmarshal very well. The Fw 190 F series’ main type, the F-8, had arrangement for underwing rocket projectiles. The Focke-Wulf Fw 190 is widely regarded as Germany's best fighter aircraft of World War II. They featured a The U3 included the standard armament seen in prior Fw 190 models but lost its outboard MG FF cannons. produced of the F-series, reaching service in the fall of 1944. V32 was completed in November 1943. Later subvariants featured an increased range of stream to see target aircraft beneath them. At first, Luftwaffe pilots used "tail-chase" tactics, but then it was ", Page, Neil. New electrical sockets and reinforced weapon mounts were fitted internally in the wings to allow the installation of either 20 mm or 30 mm (1.18 in) ammunition boxes as well as for underwing armament. an Anton tweaked as battlefield close-support aircraft, or "Schlachtjaeger", ", This page was last edited on 28 September 2020, at 08:49. In 1941, he proposed a number of versions featuring new powerplants, and he suggested using turbochargers in place of superchargers. The Focke-Wulf Fw 190-page contains all related products, articles, books, walkarounds and plastic scale modeling projects dedicated to this aircraft.. many detail improvements. more horsepower than the BMW 139, but it was also heavier, and to maintain (2,060 HP). aware that the Fw 190's armament was inadequate, having settled on the four machine guns due to temporary difficulties in obtaining heavier armament -- and in fact the A-1 was basically regarded as an operational evaluation type, not entirely fit for real combat. was fitted with an armored wing leading edge for service as a "Rammjaeger", 525 125. discussed below. anti-tank guns. In an attempt to increase airflow over the tightly cowled engine, a 10-blade fan was fitted at the front opening of the redesigned cowling and was geared to be driven at 3.12 times faster than the propeller shaft's speed. MG 151/20 cannon. Plans were made to create a new wing with more area to address these issues. [N 4], Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era. The Fw 190 was used as a trials aircraft for the Ruhrstal "X-4", the The Fw 190 D-13 was the near pinnacle of German piston engine technology. It had the oversized prop spinner and was the first Fw 190 to be racks for bombs and external tanks, and the MG FF cannon in the outer [37], With the D version the power plant was changed from the radial engine of earlier models to a 12-cylinder inverted-V liquid-cooled engine. created disruptive turbulence over the tail. that they were up against something much more formidable. Hermann Goering, who was so enthusiastic that he endorsed mass production of ", "Royal Museum of the Armed Forces in Brussels, Belgium - photo of surviving German WB 151/20 conformal gunpod", Die Geschichte der Focke-Wulf 190 (German, but lots of data), List of preserved Fw190s around the world. event of 2016 that lasted from 22 July to 22 August after obtaining 18 pilot Marks of Distinction. and also had weak forward defensive armament. These aerials were fitted on all later Fw 190 variants. The "Ta" Incidentally, "Doedel" is a A-4, while the "G-2" was based on the A-5. advertisement that displayed an Fw 190 to mock it with the caption: "Who's Rolf Schrödeter was added. like the F-3, but had underwing stores racks as standard, an improved This was especially true for older, battle-damaged aircraft that were upgraded to whatever current version the factory was manufacturing at the time of repair. armor plate for pilot protection. Fw 190Fs for the Schlacht role to help fight the Red Army. The RLM rejected these designs since they by the Luftwaffe. conducted late in the war. [34], Tank started looking at ways to address the altitude performance problem early in the program. armed, with two MG 17 7.9-millimeter machine guns fitted in the cowling in These were designated Fw 190 A-3a (a=ausländisch (foreign), designation for export models) and delivered between October 1942 and March 1943. mindset. Fw-190 vs Bf-109 Airplanes armament and equipment 2 x 13mm machine guns 2 x 20mm cannonsExternal payload of up to 1,102lbs (500kg) anti-armor weapon. [50] One unit, known as the Würger-Staffel, was created in April 1945 by Lieutenant Heinz Sachsenberg at the behest of Adolf Galland, and was part of JV 44. The Fw 190 was on its back, with little airspeed. cowling and one in each wing root. "Fw 190A-1", began in June 1941. radar, with the transmitting aerials on the aircraft's spine and receiving The six The F-8 was the most heavily To further aid balance, the pilot's oxygen bottles were moved aft and located in the new bay. Ta 152H: High altitude fighter, similar to Fw 190D-9 but with wing moved machines had flown. The annular radiator with its adjustable cooling gills resembled a radial engine installation, although the row of six short exhausts stacks on either side of the elongated engine cowling showed that the Jumo 213 was an inverted V12 engine. air defense system after the US Army Air Forces (USAAF) began daylight raids Following The Fw 190 A-8 entered production in February 1944, powered either by the standard BMW 801 D-2 or the 801Q (also known as 801TU). Fw 190F-2: Similar to Fw 190F-1, but based on Fw 190A-5. [citation needed], The Fw 190 G-3: The G-3 was based on Fw 190 A-6. Share with: Link: Copy link. Afraid Of The Big Bad Wulf?" including DB 603 inline engines, BMW 801 engines with nitrous oxide boost, It was and the Wilde Sau squadrons were generally returned to day combat. It was viewed by its designer, Kurt Tank, as an interim design pending availability of the Ta 152. Focke-Wulf Fw 190 A-8 in Detail: Part 6 - Undercarriage. The Fw 190 D-13 started with the construction of two prototypes (W.Nr 732053 and W.Nr 7322054), and the 20 mm MG 151/20 cannon was found to be quite suited for the aircraft and was already well known to be effective against allied bombers, as well as an effective ground support weapon. With this engine, the V16 was able to reach 725 km/h (450 mph) at 6,800 m (22,310 ft), a considerable improvement over the 650 km/h (400 mph) at 5,200 m (17,060 ft) of the basic A models. By the end of December, all operational Doras, 183 in total, were converted. The early testing results were quite good, and Focke-Wulf began engineering the attack version of the Fw 190. The Fw 190D interceptor was considered by many German pilots to be the finest piston-engined fighter in Luftwaffe service. 811, no further Fw 190 B models were ordered. Work on "F-5", "F-6", and "F-7" subvariants was abandoned near the end of Of the two, the Fw 190 was the more advanced and potent aircraft, and served Flame-dampening boxes were fitted over the exhaust exits. Jabo subvariant that was to feature an improved BMW 801TS or BMW 801TH 1981. Hobbled by a lack of fuel and well-trained pilots, completely outnumbered by [5] Tank asserted the device did not work well. [32] This total may, however, include rebuilt or modified airframes from earlier airframes. The oversized prop spinner was replaced by a conventional prop Three such installations were outlined; the Fw 190 B with a turbocharged BMW 801, the Fw 190 C with a turbocharged Daimler-Benz DB 603, and the Fw 190 D with a supercharged Junkers Jumo 213. * Although the BMW 801 radial engine was very powerful, as well as very I reserve all rights to my [62], As the Luftwaffe phased out older aircraft such as the Ju 87 in favor of the Fw 190, many pilots required flight training to make the transition as quick and smooth as possible. packs to provide a total armament of six 20-millimeter cannon, along with the machines. [9], The Fw 190 A-1 rolled off the assembly lines in June 1941. When flown by capable pilots, the Fw 190D proved the equal of Allied types. 5, 6, 10, 19–23. RAF Typhoons firing 60-pounder rockets. These included a pressurized cockpit which doubled the panes of glass in the canopy so that hot air could be forced between them to prevent icing, and the addition of the GM-1 nitrous oxide injection system. stretch over time, leading to slack. powerful total armament of two machine guns and four cannon. "head-on" attacks, which allowed the fighters to exploit these weaknesses. 312 80. Ta 152C featured the DB 603 engine. Fw 190 V5: Third prototype, with BMW 801 engine, later rebuilt with By spring, Focke-Wulf had shifted production to the next version of the However, in most cases, the subvariant modifications were provided initially [56], In all, the Ministry of Aviation called for 820 D-11 airframes to be built by Focke-Wulf Sorau, starting in early 1945, Fieseler Kassel was tasked to build 1,420 D-12s starting in the same time frame and the manufacture of the D-13 was passed to Arbeitsgruppe Roland [N 3] tasked with the construction of 1,060 airframes starting again in early 1945. Fw 190A-3: BMW 801D-2 engine, two MG 17 machine guns, two MG 151/20 dropping "window" (chaff) to jam German radars in July 1943, Wild Sau kW (2,240 HP) for short periods with MW 50 water-methanol boost. [citation needed], The Fw 190 G-2: The G-2 was based on the Fw 190 A-5/U8 aircraft. The FW-190 pilots tended to work in pairs, giving each other good tactical support in battle. some of the test flights. variants, the Fw 190 suffered from "weight creep", and so a new, bigger, The FW-190D-12 the attack modification - armament similar previous, had increased armour protection of the engine and a … MW 50 water-methanol boost, but this subvariant did not reach service. While early "Ta 152A" and "Ta 152B" cockpit and activated by a photoelectric cell system referred to as the V31 was the fourth TK 11 prototype, but was written off soon after entering the test programme. additional MG FF 20-millimeter cannon, one in each wing outside the The two F and G models had been BMW801-powered, the second becoming mainly fighter-bombers in which gun armament was cut down allowing (on the G-1) a single 3,968 lb (1.8 t) bomb, or on any other G models up to 2,205 lb (ca. One Fw 190 was experimentally fitted with the "SG 113 Foerstersonde" Some Gs were field modified to carry 1,000 kg (2,210 lb), 1,600 kg (3,530 lb) and 1,800 kg (3,970 b) bombs. often used as "top cover" for airfields operating the Messerschmitt Me 262 After the completion of W.Nr. [15][N 1] German production records make no real distinction between A-2s and A-3s, which were very similar aircraft: the total combined production was 910 airframes between October 1941 and August 1942. The rough transition was smoothed out and the supercharger's gear-change could engage without incident.[6]. The aircraft would also include a pressurized cockpit and other features making them more suitable for high-altitude work. Two primary Rüstsätze kits were also seen on the F-8. It proved that, in the right plane, such an engine could still outperform in-lines despite its drawbacks. As with the A-5, upgrade kits were developed for the A-6. reduced armament, and gun armament reduced to the two MG 17 guns in the These aircraft, called Leitjäger or Fighter Formation Leaders, could be tracked and directed from the ground via special R/T equipment called Y-Verfahren (Y-Control). [17] In addition to Focke-Wulf and AGO, a new subcontractor, Arado, built A-2s and A-3s at Warnemünde. 1943 to allow focus on the G-series, discussed below, but the F series was This attack configuration with additional armor and an ETC 501 centerline bomb rack was officially designated Umrüst-Bausatz kit 3 (abbreviated as /U3). Arguments and finger-pointing between Focke-Wulf and BMW became Focke-Wulf redesigned parts of the wing structure to accommodate larger armament. * The "Fw 190G" was a long-range Jabo variant, built in parallel with the Deliveries of the A-2 Unfortunately, the Dieppe operation was badly planned and executed, and the [30], A late-war attempt was made with the Fw 190 A-10, which was to have begun arriving in pilots' hands by March 1945 and was to be fitted with larger wings for better maneuverability at higher altitudes, which, due to internal space, could have allowed additional 30 mm (1.18 in) caliber, long-barreled MK 103 cannon to be fitted. and the aircraft was rugged enough to take punishment as well as dish it out. bomber destroyers, fitted with underwing rockets or additional cannon packs. service. Fw 190E never even reached the prototype stage. a Jumo 213E engine with a three-speed supercharger and 1,400 kW (1,880 HP). A centerline ETC 501 rack typically held a 250 kg (550 lb) bomb, and wing-mounted racks mounted 300 L drop tanks. This version was fitted with the updated Jumo 213F series engine similar to the Jumo 213E used in the Ta-152 H series but minus the intercooler. By the end of 1944, 60 were delivered with the simplified MW 50 system or were at the point of entering service. From the A-8 on, Fw 190s could be fitted with a new paddle-bladed wooden propeller, easily identified by its wide blades with curved tips. kangaroo's pouch. [40] From November 1944, a simplified methanol water (MW 50) system (Oldenburg) was fitted, which boosted output to 2,100 PS. Axworthy, Mark, CornelScafeș and Cristian Crăciunoiu. jet fighter, whose poor acceleration made it highly vulnerable during Operated with a limited range of factory There were 13 exhausts for the 14 cylinders; eight of these were grouped to exit, four on each side, along the forward fuselage, just above the leading edge of the wing; under the forward center section, between the undercarriage bays were five exhaust stacks, with cylinders 9 and 10 sharing a common pipe. The U2 was designed as a night Jabo-Rei and featured anti-reflective fittings and exhaust flame dampeners. airfields. Even before the first flight of the Fw 190 V1, BMW was bench testing a larger, more powerful 14-cylinder two-row radial engine, the BMW 801. Each are armed with the … synchronized to fire through the propeller arc. There were three D-12 test aircraft built: V63, V64 and V65, but no production aircraft were built[citation needed] with the D-13 selected for production instead. landings. revived in 1944 as the "F-8", based on the A-8. Dear all, Seems that many Fw 190s had their outer wing armaments removed. of its tailfins was removed, though it was a cumbersome load. vision. It flew for the first time onOctober 31, 1939. solution", leading Luftwaffe pilots to believe that they were going to get an New radio gear, including FuG 25a Erstling IFF, and an electric artificial horizon found their way into the A-5. number of variations on vertical-firing armament, but the details are now Although the Kondor would be a terrible nuisance to the Allies each wing, with each fin containing two 77-millimeter one-shot recoilless Fw 190's Outer Wing Armament Removal. 18-cylinder air-cooled radial engine with 1,156 kW (1,550 HP). Three types of propeller were authorized for use on the A-9: the VDM 9-112176A wooden propeller, 3.5 m (11 ft 6 in) in diameter, was the preferred option, however, many A-9s were fitted with the standard Vereinigte Deutsche Metallwerke (VDM) 9-12067A metal propeller and some had a VDM 9-12153A metal propeller with external, bolt on balance weights. [22] A total of 976 A-4s were built between June 1942 and March 1943.[23]. mounts stretched the aircraft by about 15 centimeters (six inches) and became 525 125. front of the cockpit, and an MG 17 fitted in each wing root, for a total of The A-4 also introduced a small but distinctive modification and in fact the A-1 was basically regarded as an operational evaluation type, 2 x 20 mm MG 151/20 cannons, wing-mounted (250 rpg = 500 total) The three cannons are arranged with one in each wing and the third in the propeller shaft, firing through the propeller hub. Focke-Wulf Fw 190, 1942. [13][14] The addition of new ventilation slots on the side of the fuselage further aided cooling, and with the widespread availability of the A-2 in the spring of 1942, the overheating problems were greatly reduced. Fw 190G-3: Similar to Fw 190G-2, but with fuel injection system and other As with the R1, the additional armor from the base G model were removed, as was the additional oil tank. He chose the BMW radial engine because he believed it The To test these changes, several examples of otherwise standard 190 As were re-engined with a supercharged DB 603 to experiment with this engine fit, V13 (W.Nr. 7.9-millimeter guns lacked killing power. final prototypes featured an elaborate turbocharger installation, with two The first Fw 190 D-9s started entering service in September 1944, with III./JG 54. Like the earlier G models, all but the two wing root mounted MG 151 cannons were removed. Both men indicated that the Fw 190's outstanding qualities outweighed its deficiencies during several Ministry of Aviation commissions that considered terminating the program. A total of 701 A-7s were produced from November 1943 to April 1944, according to Ministry of Aviation acceptance reports and Focke-Wulf production books.[26]. In order to fit the new engine in the Fw 190 fuselage while maintaining proper balance, both the nose and the tail of the aircraft were lengthened, adding nearly 1.52 m (4.99 ft) to the fuselage, bringing the overall length to 10.192 m (33.438 ft) versus the 9.10 m (29.9 ft) of the late war A-9 series. The Fw 190 F-8 currently displayed at the National Air and Space Museum is one of these "composite" aircraft, built from the fuselage of a Fw 190 A-7. each wing. Originally designated Fw 190 A-8/U1 (as an Umrüst-Bausatz factory modification), they were later designated Fw 190 S-5 and S-8. bomb-release system, and MG 131 13-millimeter cannon in place of the The F-8 was also fitted with the improved FuG 16 ZS radio unit, which provided much better communication with ground combat units. An EK16 gun camera, as well as landing lights, were fitted to the wing leading edge. hampered performance somewhat, Schlacht Focke-Wulfs were still dangerous creations: the radial-engine fighter known as the "Fw 190". The result was a switch to crankshaft of the BMW 139 engine broke and the aircraft crashed. turned out to be the last production Anton. optimizations for night fighting, the glare of fires below and searchlights aircraft's expected maximum take-off weight to give some margin for future production line in early 1943. release the Fw 190 to return to base while the Ju 88 flew into the target Dear all, Seems that many Fw 190s had their outer wing armaments removed. Sander demonstrated the V1 at the Luftwaffe flight test In late 1943, the Erla Maschinenwerke's Antwerp factory designed a simpler rack/drop-tank fitting, which was more streamlined than the bulky ETC 501 and could be quickly fitted or removed. Poking around in the subject in drum-fed, with 55 rounds per drum. To combat this and to allow better weapons to be installed in the wings, a structurally redesigned lighter, stronger wing was introduced. 30-millimeter cannon, firing MK 103 shells, mounted vertically behind the The normal wing armament was increased to four 20 mm MG 151/20E wing root and outer wing cannon with larger ammunition boxes while retaining the two MG 17 fuselage machine guns. The V5 first flew in the early spring of 1940. The FW-190 was a stout opponent in a dogfight with its extremely heavy armament. The first prototype, the Fw 190 V1 (civil registration D-OPZE), powered by a 1,550 PS (1,529 hp, 1,140 kW) BMW 139 14-cylinder[citation needed] two-row radial engine, first flew on 1 June 1939. The Romanians received a number of Fw 190s beginning in 1943 for service After initial 1939. The Ta 152H was, as its name suggests, intended for the high-altitude These were similar to the D-11, but featured a Motorkanone nose cannon firing through the propeller hub. Development began in the spring of 1942, with prototype development based on Some sources also claim the A-9 subvariant, the "Fw 190D-9". Many of MG 151/20, which was about half again as long as the MG FF. The outer wing-mounted 20 mm MG FF/M cannon and the cowling-mounted 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 17 were removed to save weight. Arrival of the Model A. have an alternate fighter in case future improvement of the Bf 109 ran out of The A-5 too, saw several Umrüst-Bausätze kits. Even when escorts arrived, the Fw 190 was never a pushover for any Heavy machine guns in this position were introduced with the A-7 model, earlier aircraft being armed with a pair of lighter MG 17 guns. The R5 was similar to the R1, but the V.Fw. Fw 190 V2: Second prototype, with BMW 139 engine, conventional prop The next A-series subvariant, the "Fw 190A-2", replaced the MG 17 machine gun It also climbed and dived more rapidly than the Fw 190A, and so proved well suited to the dive-and-zoom ambush tactics favored by the Schlageter fighter wing's pilots from November 1944 onward, when the wing converted to the Fw 190D. The Bf 109 first saw operational service in 1937 during the Spanish Civil War and was still in service at the dawn of the jet age at the end of World War II in 1945. full range of factory and field update kits. bomb, as well as an optional stores rack under each wing. However, as the air war reached higher altitudes with the widespread introduction of turbocharged US bombers, the need for improved performance became pressing. It soon showed exceptional qualities for such a comparatively small aircraft, with excellent handling, good visibility and speed (initially around 610 km/h (380 mph)). Despite this, Fw 190s smashed up a raid on Regensburg and Schweinfurt on 14 stood for "grosser / bigger"). Focke-Wulf Fw 190 A-8 in Detail: Part 2 - Wing. The FW-190 was smaller than any British fighter, but carried heavier armament. wing, with the larger wing that had been evaluated on the V5g fitted on the The "Fw 190A-5/U14" and "Fw 190A-5/U15" were both torpedo-bombers with an All four guns were The U3 was very similar to the U1, and later served as the prototype for the Fw 190 F-1 assault fighter. provided engine sand filters and a survival kit for desert warfare. the A-6, with first deliveries in the summer of 1943. rack. fought on until the end, but all they could do was delay the inevitable. Fw 190D-9 ("Dora-Nine"): D-series production version, similar to D-0 but engine cowling for streamlining, with a central duct surrounding a ten-bladed DB 603-powered Fw 190 prototypes had excellent performance if the ceased to be effective. After 50 modifications to fix the engine problems, the Fw 190 was approved MDC CV48044 - Fw 190D Exterior (designed for the Tamiya kit) Price Canadian Dollars: $12.95 . Ta 152Hs were completed. in poor weather, was difficult and dangerous. Some sources state that the MG FF, not The "Fw 190A-9" was an A-8 with with prototype construction moving on to a "V5" prototype with an air-cooled shadow of the bomber falling on the sensor. The new German Next, the plane was returned to the manufacturer for necessary modifications, especially in the cooling system. modification kits. and allocated to twin-engine aircraft like the Me-410 and the Do-335. weapon, but then modified to home in on enemy transmitters when Allied The RLM order was for 30 of these planes but only18 were built, since, in the meantime, the A-4 version was replacedby the modernized Fw 190A-5 plane. as interceptors. resemblance to the Fw 190. In Fw 190. The Fw190 had an air-cooled radial engine. The "Fw 190F" series did see service in numbers. In fact, the G-series actually entered included: * In the Jabo role, the Fw 190 could carry a 500-kilogram (1,100-pound) bomb, Due to war conditions, the manufacturing environment, and the use of special workshops during the later years of the war, the actual number of G models built is almost impossible to determine. modification kits. DB 601 production anyway. Yet another unusual fit was of the "Doppelreiter (Double Rider)" external The Ta-142C very much resembled the Dora-Nine, but featured a modified [20], In autumn 1942, a political decision diverted 72 new aircraft to Turkey in an effort to keep that country friendly to the Axis powers. One was fitted with two MG 17s, two 20 mm MG 151s and two 20 mm MG-FFs. All armament except for the MG 151 cannon was removed. The Fw 190 F-2s were renamed Fw 190 A-5/U3s, of which 270 were built according to Focke-Wulf production logs and Ministry of Aviation acceptance reports. fuselage. This had the side-effect of reducing the troubles with high temperatures and for the first time provided space for nose armament. Home defense squadrons had been "D-8" subvariant codes is a bit of a puzzle. armor added under the engine and cockpit. similar to the development prototypes, but were based on Fw 190A-7 airframes. centerline rack, and also the AB-250 250-kilogram (550-pound) cluster bomb separation. eighth, to then become production standard. German factories continued to produce Fw 190s as best they could, but the A-8 under the fuselage for carriage of one 500-kilogram (1,100-pound) bomb or Luftwaffe a bloody nose during the "practice invasion" at Dieppe in August subvariant in March 1940. The Fw 159 was hopelessly outclassed, and was soon eliminated from the competition along with the Ar 80. production before the Fw 190F, initially seeing action in North Africa at the Other changes included an ETC 501 under-fuselage rack which was mounted on a lengthened carrier and moved 200 mm (8 in) further forward to help restore the center of gravity of the aircraft. [19] [N 2], The Fw 190 A-3/U4 was a reconnaissance version with two RB 12.5 cameras in the rear fuselage and an EK 16 gun camera or a Robot II miniature camera in the leading edge of the port wing root. tanks, which involved carriage of a semi-conformal "slipper" fuel tank on Flight evaluation of the captured Focke-Wulf showed it to have weaknesses -- The "Fw 190D" was a production Fw 190 series of their own unguided air-to-ground rockets. This scheme did not go beyond trials. The FW 190 saw the light of day thanks to the great tenacity and Herculean toil of a single man – professor Kurt Tank. displacing the antiquated and overly-vulnerable Junkers Ju 87 Stuka. the end of 1943, was the replacement of the two 7.92-millimeter MG 17 machine the prototypes were also used to evaluate a pressurized cockpit, but these The methanol was mainly intended [11] Focke-Wulf completed 102 A-1s at the Bremen and Marienburg factories between June and October 1941. Due to this extra flight duration, a PKS 11 autopilot was fitted. The "Fw 190F-3" was similarly derived from The Fw 190D The Focke-Wulf Fw 190 ranks with the Supermarine Spitfire, Vought F4U Corsair and North American P-51 Mustang as one of the best fighters of World War II. The cockpit was fitted with powered by a "BMW 801C" engine with 1,195 kW (1,600 HP) driving a An MW 50 In some instances, pilot-controllable engine cooling vents were fitted to the fuselage sides in place of the plain slots. cannon in each wing, for a total of four guns. 64 A-5s and A-6s were built by the French SNCAC company after the war for fighter aircraft: the Messerschmitt "Bf 109" and the Focke-Wulf "Fw 190". The FuG 125 radio system, known as Hermine was fitted to the aircraft, as well as a heated windscreen. If the Fw 190's armor and firepower were increased to deal with the V18 followed, the first to feature the full high-altitude suite of features, including the pressurized cockpit, longer wings, a 603G engine driving a new four-blade propeller, and a Hirth 9-2281 turbocharger. During a test flight, Tank carried out a loop at medium altitude. The BT 1400 weighed 1,400 * Tank's engineering team was also working on another inline-powered variant, Tank designed a number of aircraft for Focke-Wulf, including the "Fw 200 [10] The A-1 models still suffered from the overheating that prototype Fw 190s had experienced during testing. the first flying in November 1944, the decision having been made to focus on [citation needed], The Fw 190 F-3 was based on the Fw 190 A-5/U17, which was outfitted with a centerline mounted ETC 501 bomb rack, and in the Fw 190 F-3/R1, with two ETC 50 bomb racks under each wing. followed by authorization of a fourth in the spring of 1939. form in 1943 and 1944, converging on two types, the short-wing "Ta 152C" and * Given the large number of Fw 190s built, unsurprisingly there were many odd forward, long-span wings, and Jumo 213E engine. still churning out better versions of the Butcher Bird. fuselage, two MG 17 machine guns, and two MG 151/20 cannon. Some of result, following a collision with a ground vehicle in August 1940 that sent Externally, a large round hatch was incorporated into the lower fuselage to enable the new tank to be installed, and the pilot's oxygen bottles were moved aft and positioned around this hatch. license production, but decided against it. They Share. The gun throughs, which would be quite prominent on an armed A-8, have been faired over on this aircraft after the guns had been removed. As a result, the Luftwaffe established the "Sturmgruppe" tactic, in which a The Focke-Wulf Fw 190 ranks with the Supermarine Spitfire, Vought F4U Corsair and North American P-51 Mustang as one of the best fighters of World War II. The high relative speed of the interceptors as they passed through the bomber The A-1 was equipped with the BMW 801 C-1 engine, rated at 1,560 PS (1,539 hp, 1,147 kW) for take-off. (8.27-inch) "Doedel" rockets; and the "U12" with additional underwing guns and two cannon. got wise, sending escort fighters in the lead of the bomber formation to Fw 190's Outer Wing Armament Removal. F-series, and generally similar except for the deletion of cowling guns to However, trials on other aircraft continued in early 1943, when the first few Fw 190 A-1s were modified into B-series testbeds. [19] there were so many of them, but because the same modification code might have Some problems were encountered, but the type destroyers with heavy underwing armament, while the "R3" was a tank destroyer A new outwardly bulged main canopy glazing format, more in the manner of a Malcolm hood rather than a bubble canopy, with greatly improved vision sideways and forward, had been developed for the F-2 ground attack model, but was often seen fitted at random on A-8s, F-8s and G-8s. variety of different Ta 152 variants were considered or built in prototype [37] Production started in August 1944. The V5 became the first prototype with the new engine, being fitted with the 1,560 PS (1,539 hp, 1,147 kW) BMW 801 C-0. However, on the other side of the coin the head-on attacks gave Luftwaffe Tank himself, a skilled pilot and definitely a "hands-on" engineer, performed 1 x 500 kg SC500K bomb + 4 x 50 kg SC50JA bombs (700 kg total) 3. 1 x 500 kg SC500K bomb (500 kg total) 4. Along with its well-known counterpart, the Messerschmitt Bf 109, the Fw 190 became the backbone of the Luftwaffe's Jagdwaffe (Fighter Force).. Development. the "Fw 190D", in principle for the high-altitude fighter role. "Fw 190D-0" pre-production prototypes in late 1943. Fw 190 D-9 Handbuch 1945, pp. "Focke Wulf 190: Part One-the Fw 190A-series fighter variants. 75 Fw 190A-3s were supplied to Turkey in 1942:1943 as "Fw 190Aa-3s", the It used the DB 603 S-1 and was armed with two MG 151s in the wing roots, for use as an armament test bed. However, while the Fw 190, and would be retained in later A-series production. As this section was behind the pilot's seat, there was little visibility lost. According to an account provided by Stephen Sherman of Hermann Krafft’s I./JG.51 fighter pilot’s experience with the airplane1, â€œThe pilot climbed into the Focke-Wulf using retractable stirrups and handholds. Limited production. center of gravity the cockpit of the V5 was shifted back along the fuselage. * Tank continued to tweak the inline-powered designs, resulting in the the nose for armament. Deliveries of the first formal production model, the "Magische Auge (Magic Eye)". Of the 17 Dora-11s delivered, three can be accounted for. "Ruestsaetze" and given "R"-series modification codes -- and the variations cannon required addition of a shallow blister on the top of the wing near the The Focke-Wulf Fw 190S was the designation given to a small number of dedicated two-man trainers produced to help convert pilots from two-seat bombers to the single seater Fw 190. The first Sturmgruppe missions were world's first guided air-to-air missile. The Fw 190 G was built as a long-range attack aircraft (Jagdbomber mit vergrösserter Reichweite - abbreviated JaBo Rei). cannon with 200 rounds per gun, providing a total armament of two machine Many Luftwaffe pilots racked up large numbers of kills, particularly on the The Fw 190 A-1 rolled off the assembly lines in June 1941. The "R1" and "R2" were bomber Two prototypes of this standard were completed from the Fw 190A-8 stock and these were further equipped with hydraulically-boosted ailerons. The A-5/U8 was another Jabo-Rei outfitted with SC-250 centerline-mounted bombs, under-wing 300-liter drop tanks and only two MG 151s; it later became the Fw 190 G-2. two MG 17 7.92-millimeter machine guns in the cowling and a 20-millimeter Introduced in July 1942, the Fw 190 A-4 was equipped with the same engine and basic armament as the A-3. MG 17 machine guns. Milos Gazdic. It was armed with an MK 108 cannon firing through the propeller spinner and the long-wing "Ta 152H", where the "H" stood for "Hoehenjaeger (High Altitude The Dora still featured the same wing as the A-8, however, and was capable of carrying outer wing cannon as well, as demonstrated by the D-11 variant, with a three-stage supercharger and four wing cannon (two MG 151s and two MK 108s). For the U4 reconnaissance variant, 2 x RB 12.5 series camera were fitted to the rear fuselage, a gun camera added to the portside wing, and the airframe held provision for an external jettisonable fuel tank for extended operational ranges. The A-4/U8 served as the model for the Fw 190 G-1. For example, the tropicalized A-4 was an "Fw 190A-4/Trop"; incorrect. * In February 1942, Fw 190s of Adolf Galland's JG-26 squadron escorted the The most important innovation introduced by the A-4 was, however, the fitting of various Umrüst-Bausätze factory-refit packages. The new initial flight of the V1 prototype, the decision had been made to go to a quickly withdrawn from service due to troubles with the BMW 801 engines. system and then fly under a bomber, with the cannon triggered by the As a rare vehicle, it is only obtainable throu… October 1943 so badly that the Americans gave up daylight bombing over The G-2s were similarly equipped to the G-1s; however, due to wartime conditions, the underwing drop tank racks were replaced with the much simpler V.Mtt-Schloß fittings, to allow for a number of underwing configurations. The fan provided cooling air not only for the engine cylinders' fins, but also for the BMW-designed annular oil cooler, which was located in the forward part of the cowling, likewise designed by the engine firm and used on all BMW 801-powered aircraft as part of the later "unitized" Kraftei engine mounting concept. Jabo Fw 190s the Spitfire V and wanted to put the RAF in their place. * The "Fw 190B" and "Fw 190C" were experimental variants that did not reach Junkers Jumo 213 and the more powerful Daimler-Benz 603. The two F and G models had been BMW801-powered, the second becoming mainly fighter-bombers in which gun armament was cut down allowing (on the G-1) a single 3,968 lb (1.8 t) bomb, or on any other G models up to 2,205 lb (ca. The spinner fitted flush to the edge of the Unlike the experimental B models, V18 had a cleaner turbocharger installation, running the required piping along the wing root, partially buried in the fillet, and installing both the turbocharger air intake and intercooler in a substantially sized teardrop shaped fairing under the cockpit. Its 2,240 horsepower with methanol-water injection (MW 50) gave it an excellent acceleration in combat situations. The additional weight of the new weapon systems required strengthening of the wheels, adding a reinforced rim to better deal with typical combat airfield conditions. [43] Sporting good handling and performance characteristics, the D-9 made an effective medium altitude, high speed interceptor, although its performance still fell away at altitudes above about 6,000 m (20,000 ft). [4], The pre-production Fw 190 A-0 series was ordered in November 1940, a total of 28 being completed. Designed to combat the USAAF's heavy bombers, the basic armament was upgraded to include two fuselage-mounted 13 mm (.51 in) MG 131s, replacing the MG 17s. The centerline weapons rack was changed to an ETC 504 with a simplified and much smaller mounting and fairing. Provision was made for carrying a bomb or a drop-tank under the fuselage centerline. So the performance chart of the Fw 190 looks very similar to the Fw 190 with higher boost pressure 1,58/1,65 ata (without C3 injection). longer engine mounting to increase strength and reduce vibration. 0036) with the 1,750 PS 603A, the similar V15 and V16, a 1,800 DB 603 E being fitted to the latter after a time. aircraft and read the radarscope at the same time was simply too high for Sturmgruppe pilots often wore "whites of the eyes" jacket Fw 190F-3: Similar to Fw 190F-2, but based on Fw 190A-6. Fw-190 A-8 armament question Fw-190 A-8 armament question. (Data for these months is missing and probably lost. Both the Reich and the Western The main gear hinged in the wings to retract towards the [46] The wings of the D-9 still had the electrical circuits and attachment points for the underwing BR 21 rocket propelled mortar, although none appeared to have used these operationally. Engine problems plagued the 190 for much of its early development, and the entire project was threatened several times with a complete shutdown. offered high reliability, greater horsepower in the long run, and was in To keep the design as simple and as aerodynamic as possible, Tank used an annular radiator (the AJA 180 L) installed at the front of the engine, similar to the configuration used in the Jumo powered versions of the Junkers Ju 88. Fw 190A-7: Replaced MG 17 guns in cowling with MG 131 13-millimeter guns. The D-13 also introduced a hydraulic boost system for the ailerons, which was later used on the Ta 152. The rear portion of the fuselage was closed off with sheet metal. troublesome, since getting back to base and landing in the dark, particularly canopy to improve pilot vision, with the first of this series rolling off the * The Fw 190A-1 was a tidy, muscular, sturdy, aggressive-looking aircraft, New, stiffer undercarriage struts were introduced, along with larger diameter wheels. The new wing featured standard fit of an MG 151/20 Fw-190A-4/U1: was outfitted with an ETC 501 rack under the fuselage. turbocharged BMW 801TS engine providing 1,490 kW (2,000 HP) and optional These special units were known as Platzsicherungstaffel (airfield security squadrons). they were protected from Allied escort fighters by Bf 109Gs optimized for 1,270 kW (1,700 HP), plus the four wing cannon as production standard, and spinner, and four MG 17 7.9-millimeter machine guns. Updated radio gear, the FuG 16Z, was installed replacing the earlier FuG VIIa. the RAF museum at Hendon, England. turbocharger. The [citation needed] The Fw 190A-2, the first mass-produced version, had a top speed of about 410 miles (660 km) per hour and a ceiling of 35,000 feet (10,600 metres).The fighter’s heavy cannon armament made it a potent bomber destroyer, and it played a major role in turning… Read More Without load 2. effective for mediocre ones. The Fw 190F was essentially The "Fw 190A-5/U1" and "Fw 190A-8/U1" were tandem-seat trainers. According to Ministry of Aviation acceptance reports, at least 3,400 F-8s were built, and probably several hundred more were built in December 1944 and from February to May 1945. subvariants, though it appears few pilots did so. against underwing stand-offs on the Focke-Wulf to ensure stores stood for "Tank", in honor of his contributions to the Reich. Fw-190A-4/U1: was outfitted with an ETC 501 rack under the fuselage. The weight increase was substantial, 635 kilograms These negative opinions existed for some time until positive pilot feedback began arriving at Focke-Wulf and the Luftwaffe command structure. Initial testing found that if all but two wing root mounted 20 mm MG 151 cannons (with reduced ammunition load) were removed, the Fw 190 G-1 (as it was now called) could carry a 250 kg (550 lb) or 500 kg (1,100 lb) bomb on the centerline and, via an ETC 250 rack, up to a 250 kg (550 lb) bomb under each wing. The FW-190 was a stout opponent in a dogfight with its extremely heavy armament. Fw 190 V33 (Werke Nr.0058) GH+KW Performance and maneuverability of the "Anton", as Luftwaffe pilots called Post Sep 19, 2016 #1 2016-09-19T13:43.