DoD Security Cooperation includes International Armaments Cooperation (IAC) activities as well as the various elements of Security Assistance, including Foreign Military Sales (FMS) and Building Partner Capacity (BPC). DAU does not charge DoD Components for faculty and staff time spent on Mission Assistance support efforts; it only asks that the organization requesting the assistance fund any travel or other incidental costs involved. Please turn on JavaScript and try again. This research was sponsored by the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Security Cooperation and conducted within the International Security and Defense Policy Center of the RAND National Defense Research Institute, a federally funded research and development center sponsored by the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Staff, the Unified Combatant Commands, the Navy, the Marine Corps, the defense agencies, and the defense Intelligence Community. The Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) published documents titled Security Cooperation Guidance (SCG) in April 2003 and November 2005. Department of Defense security cooperation program information, not published on ForeignAssistance.gov, will be published on this site in the interests of improved transparency. advance DOD security cooperation objectives. State Department Role Security cooperation enables the United States to deepen its global alliances and partnerships in pursuit of common security objectives. - Security Cooperation (SC) C1.1.1. The Defense Security Cooperation Agency . In response to concerns raised by the security cooperation community and in an effort to support continuous process improvement within the FMS process, this memorandum revises the Security Assistance Management Manual (SAMM) to … DSCA leads the broader U.S. security cooperation enterprise in its efforts to train, educate, advise, and equip foreign partners. Objectives For students to summarize the DoD interactions with international partners, known as Security Cooperation (SC), and recognize the totality of policy, planning, assessment, monitoring, execution, evaluation, and end-use control processes associated with … The DAU/Defense Systems Management College-International (DSMC-I) faculty has developed four JSTs that are specifically designed to assist Program Management Offices (PMOs) and their supporting Integrated Product Team (IPT) personnel in the identification, assessment, development, negotiation, and implementation of Security Cooperation-related defense acquisition workforce efforts: - Our International Acquisition and Exportability (IA&E) Assessment JST and companion Acquisition Strategy – International Considerations JST focus on PMO/IPT level IAC, Security Assistance (FMS), and BPC-related planning and implementation efforts. Please enable scripts and reload this page. It also proposes a systematic approach to developing security cooperation objectives for use by policymakers, planners, program managers, and resource managers. SC comprises all activities undertaken by the Department of Defense (DoD) to encourage and enable international partners to work with the United States to achieve strategic objectives. To help ensure that limited security cooperation resources are properly directed for greatest effect, the U.S. Department of Defense has highlighted the need to develop security cooperation objectives that are specific, measurable, achievable, relevant and results-oriented, and time-bound (SMART). DSCA-2 assessment, monitoring, and evaluation of security cooperation activities and continue to implement a workforce development program targeting all Department of Defense SMART objectives did not adequately serve as a foundation for security cooperation assessment, monitoring, and evaluation. Drawing upon decades of experience, RAND provides research services, systematic analysis, and innovative thinking to a global clientele that includes government agencies, foundations, and private-sector firms. Combatant command security cooperation planning could benefit from greater standardization. The primary source of day-to-day guidance on Security Assistance and BPC policies and practices is the Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA)-issued Security Assistance Management Manual (eSAMM). The Military Departments and Defense agencies are responsible for daily operational Guidance Documents: DoD Directive 5132.03 -- DoD Policy and Responsibilities Relating to Security Cooperation These objectives include developing specific partner capabilities, building alliances and … How do stakeholders interpret security cooperation guidance, and do they find it sufficiently clear, detailed, and flexible? How might they be revised to better meet the SMART criteria? The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. 10 … DSCA administers security cooperation programs that support U.S. policy interests and objectives identified by the White House, Department of Defense, and Department of State. History. Most DoD Security Cooperation policy, organization, and activities (other than IAC) are led and managed by USD(Policy) rather than USD(Acquisition & Sustainment) and USD(Research & Engineering), but many U.S. Government/DoD Security Cooperation activities are implemented through USD(A&S), USD(R&E), and DoD Component acquisition-related IA&E efforts. Most individual country objectives did not meet the SMART criteria of being specific, measurable, achievable, relevant and results-oriented, and time-bound. Upon request, DSMC-International is also available to provide Mission Assistance support on a space-available basis to DoD Component International Program Organizations (IPOs) and PMOs/IPTs involved in Sales and Transfers efforts. In particular, most objectives were not yet measureable or time-bound, and their achievability could not be determined. The RAND Corporation is a research organization that develops solutions to public policy challenges to help make communities throughout the world safer and more secure, healthier and more prosperous. McNerney, Michael J., Jefferson P. Marquis, S. Rebecca Zimmerman, and Ariel Klein, SMART Security Cooperation Objectives: Improving DoD Planning and Guidance. McNerney, Michael J., Jefferson P. Marquis, S. Rebecca Zimmerman, and Ariel Klein, Homeland Security Operational Analysis Center, Autonomous Vehicles and the Future of Auto Insurance, Command and Control in U.S. The SMART concept has been used for several decades in the private sector to develop objectives that facilitate assessment, monitoring, and evaluation. DoD defines and validates requirements through the Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System (JCIDS) and develops technology, produces weapons systems, and provides logistics support though the Defense Acquisition System. DoD security cooperation, which includes DoD-administered security assistance programs and international armaments cooperation, will be undertaken to … Defense Security Cooperation Agency Operation and Maintenance, Defense-Wide Fiscal Year (FY) 2021 Budget Estimates I. The authors present a detailed evaluation of the extent to which the security cooperation objectives used by U.S. European Command, U.S. Pacific Command, and U.S. Southern Command meet the SMART criteria, and they recommend changes to improve DoD security cooperation guidance and planning. Subject to subsection (c), the Secretary of Defense is authorized to support other departments and agencies of the United States Government for the purpose of implementing or supporting foreign assistance programs and activities described in subsection (b) that advance security cooperation objectives of the Department of Defense. May 8, 2019 — Objective. The 2005 SCG provided the combatant commands with SC objectives, ways to conduct SC, and priority countries. SC uses a combination of programs and activities by which DOD, in coordination with Naval Competition with China, What the First-Ever EU LGBTIQ Strategy Means for Rainbow Families with Children, Four Gifts for Your Mental Health This (Pandemic) Holiday Season, Income Distribution in the United States: How It’s Changed Since the 1970s, The Compensation System for Potential Side Effects Is an Important Part of a COVID-19 Vaccine Campaign, Getting to Know Military Caregivers and Their Needs, Helping Coastal Communities Plan for Climate Change, Improving Psychological Wellbeing and Work Outcomes in the UK, International Security and Defense Policy Center. To what extent are current security cooperation objectives appropriately specified, aligned, prioritized, and measured? xii SMART Security Cooperation Objectives: Improving DoD Planning and Guidance Security cooperation objectives are the foundation of a system that allows policymakers and planners to assess foreign defense part- ners, monitor the performance of security cooperation programs, and … Description of Operations Financed (cont.) OSD and the Joint Staff should work with combatant commands to establish a common theater planning hierarchy for security cooperation objectives, with standard terminology and a standard SMART objective review process. Coordinates oversight of CWMD research, development, and acquisition activities with the USD(P), USD(P&R), Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence, and Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering. How can U.S. Department of Defense security cooperation guidance and planning be improved? Develop and oversee the implementation of defense policies on international cooperation in coordination with U.S. government agencies, foreign governments, and … DoD Directive 5200.41E, “DoD Regional Centers for Security Studies,” June 30, 2016, states that the RCs support U.S. defense strategy objectives and policy priorities through: offering executive development, strategic security studies (to program participants), research, and outreach that foster long-term collaborative relationships; The SMART concept has been used for several decades in the private sector to develop objectives that … OSD should establish a security cooperation framework that links SMART objectives to assessment, monitoring, and evaluation processes and requirements at the strategic and country level. You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. Combatant commands should integrate security cooperation elements of planning under a single authority. Objective: All defense security personnel that are in positions that require ... Security is a mission critical function of the Department of Defense (DoD). The program is now overseen by the Defense Security Cooperation Agency through the Defense Security Cooperation University and the Institute for Security Governance. The Pardee RAND Graduate School (PRGS.edu) is the largest public policy Ph.D. program in the nation and the only program based at an independent public policy research organization—the RAND Corporation. Programs should conduct an IA&E Assessment as early as possible in a program’s lifecycle to collect information and assess factors that affect international considerations and potential foreign involvement including interoperability requirements, program protection considerations, cooperative opportunities, and international markets. Subscribe to the weekly Policy Currents newsletter to receive updates on the issues that matter most. Although most country plan objectives failed the SMART test, country plans overall and other supporting documents showed more-positive results. Responsibility and priority for developing country objectives differed by combatant command. The entire security cooperation planning system needs to follow a SMART approach, with different levels of detail linking broad end states to concrete tasks. Translating security cooperation goals into effective action is challenging, given the multitude of stakeholders, changing political and security environments, and resource limitations. The 2018 National Defense Strategy elevated security cooperation in stressing the importance of "Strengthening alliances and attracting new partners." Please note that you should expect to receive a response from our team, regarding your inquiry, within 2 business days. DoD Directive 5132.03 provides DoD-wide policy and describes DoD organizational responsibilities regarding Security Cooperation activities. DSCA Policy Memo 20-56, Pre-Case Review (PCR)* Policy --- Objectives and Requirements has been posted. Also available in print form. To what extent do the security cooperation objectives used by U.S. European Command, U.S. Pacific Command, and U.S. Southern Command meet the SMART criteria of being specific, measurable, achievable, relevant and results-oriented, and time-bound? The NDAA did not identify from where within DOD’s budget such transfers would be derived but specified that the authority may only be used when foreign assistance programming is necessary for the effectiveness of DOD security cooperation and cannot be carried out by DOD. RAND reports present research findings and objective analysis that address the challenges facing the public and private sectors. This report is part of the RAND Corporation research report series. The purchasing government pays all costs associated with a sale. Ongoing changes in the geopolitical landscape and increasing public skepticism of the return on investment for security cooperation, including from President-elect Donald Trump, underscore the need for the new administration and Congress to work … Ultimately, security cooperation funds improve the Department’s ability to promote global security - Our FMS - Systems Acquisition JST provides practical advice on how to integrate FMS systems acquisition-related activities at the PMO/IPT level. All RAND reports undergo rigorous peer review to ensure high standards for research quality and objectivity. DoD Security Cooperation is defined in Joint Pub 1-02: All DoD interactions with foreign … RAND is nonprofit, nonpartisan, and committed to the public interest. Security Cooperation Relationships SC Related Activities and Operations Department of Defense (DOD) policy supports SC activities that enable building security relationships, building partner capacity, and gaining/maintaining access. The Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) should provide SMART criteria and prioritization guidance to combatant commands and evaluate their performance accordingly. Definition and Purpose. To help ensure that limited security cooperation resources are properly directed for greatest effect, the U.S. Department of Defense has highlighted the need to develop security cooperation objectives that are specific, measurable, achievable, relevant and results-oriented, and time-bound (SMART). cooperation (SC) to refer broadly to DOD interactions with foreign security establishments. - Our International Cooperative Program (ICP) JST provides practical advice on how to identify IAC opportunities and establish/implement DoD Component ICPs from a PMO/IPT perspective. For the most part, communication of the SMART concept was informal and ad hoc. BPC transactions are normally referred to as "pseudo-FMS cases". Assistant Policy Researcher, RAND; Ph.D. Student, Pardee RAND Graduate School, by Michael J. McNerney, Jefferson P. Marquis, S. Rebecca Zimmerman, Ariel Klein. Our goal is to advance this understanding throughout the Department of Defense, so that all personnel understand the role of gender in our operations … Manage bilateral and multilateral fora to promote international cooperative programs and facilitate DoD access to new technology; and. Historically programs with a significant level of projec… The U.S. Department of Defense should incorporate the SMART concept more formally into security cooperation training. e. FMS transactions are implemented through FMS Letters of Offer and Acceptance (LOAs), often referred to as "FMS cases." Date Changes; December 6-12, 2020. OSD and the Joint Staff should work with combatant commands to create a SMART security cooperation planning system centered around country plans. Combatant commands have different objective hierarchies, and they do not define their terms in the same way. DSCA’s mission is to advance U.S. national security and foreign policy interests by building the capacity of foreign security forces to respond to shared challenges. However, countervailing priorities in the current U.S. administration challenge this formulation. Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience. Combatant command security cooperation planning was "SMARTer" than individual country objectives. This report evaluates DoD's effectiveness in developing SMART security cooperation objectives. ACQ 101 Lesson 4 Exam (ALL ANSWERS ARE CORRECT) 1) The Defense Security Cooperation Agency asks a Military Department to engage their acquisition counterparts in allied and friendly nations regarding the potential benefits of acquiring an upgraded U.S. system that could provide additional coalition capability in the region in order to bolster the U.S. influence in the region. USG/DoD Security Cooperation efforts provide U.S.-origin defense equipment, logistics support, and training to our allies and friends around the globe in support USG/DoD national security and defense strategic objectives. We determined whether the Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA)—Security Assistance Accounts (SAA) September 30, 2017, balance sheet was accurate and whether the DSCA and Defense Finance and Accounting Service (DFAS) implemented effective controls over financial reporting for the SAAs. More Our Values An overarching policy document, nested within DoD policies on acquisition (DoDD 5000.01) and security cooperation (DoDD 5132.03), is needed to articulate the policy objectives of IAC, outline processes that equitably integrate acquisition and international cooperation objectives, and clarify roles and responsibilities for involved stakeholders. DoD Security Cooperation is defined in Joint Pub 1-02: All DoD interactions with foreign defense establishments to build defense relationships that promote specific US security interests, develop allied and friendly military capabilities for self-defense and multinational operations, and provide US forces with peacetime and contingency access to a host nation. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors. to advance national policies and objectives. Creating SMART country objectives is not enough. Contact DSMC-I at the following e-mail address -- InternationalHelp@dau.mil -- if your organization is interested in obtaining Sales and Transfers-related Mission Assistance support. IA&E Assessment results should be used to establish the international involvement aspects of a program’s initial Acquisition Strategy. Understanding of the SMART concept varied among stakeholders. is the DoD agency responsible for directing, administering, and providing guidance for the management of the DoD-executed security assistance programs. The Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA) administers the FMS program. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 2016. https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR1430.html. Security cooperation is a force multiplier for the Department of Defense, developing and fostering a network of partners and allies, as well as improving the effectiveness of those partnerships. SC activities include transferring defense articles and services, military-to-military exercises, ministerial advising, and train and equip programs. It looks like your browser does not have JavaScript enabled. Upon request, DSMC-International is also available to provide, International Acquisition & Exportability (IA&E) Overview, International Acquisition Career Path (IACP), IA&E Job Support Tools (JSTs) and Lessons Learned, Ask a Question / Share an Idea (Login required). This has typically been an area of strength for the United States in ensuring U.S. superiority in an era of strategic competition. Theater engagement and theater security cooperation have been part of DOD’s lexicon for well over a decade. - Our International Business Planning JST addresses PMO/IPT-level Security Cooperation planning and implementation considerations for programs with substantial ongoing/anticipated Sales and Transfers-related activity. C1.1. 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